Stolypin Reform was introduced, for bringing about differences in the agricultural activities of Russia. It was therefore, guided by the following goals:
The Stolypin Reform initiated a metamorphosis of the "Archaic Obshchina" form of agriculture in Russia. This enabled the Russian imperialism to trap the Russian farmers and scrap them out of their independence they enjoyed as a result of various emancipation reform programs in 1861. The reasons why "Archaic Obshchina" required transformation was that it emphasized more on aggregate land ownerships, repressing control on the lands by the elder members of a family and dispersed allotment of lands depending on size of the families involved.
Being a firm believer of conservative ides and views, Pyotr Stolypin's aim in initiating the Stolypin Reform was the complete eradication of the existing commune system known as the Mir. The reform also attempted to banish the emancipation enjoyed by the Russian peasants so far, to prevent the emergence of further causes of peasant revolution, like the one in 1905. The primary aim of all these imposed restrictions was to tie the farmers to their own private pieces of land. It also tried to make the farmer class loyal to the then Russian Tsar rulers.
Implementation of the Stolypin Agrarian Reforms started with the introduction of Ukase or the unconditional right of individual landownership on 9th November 1906, The immediate aim of this reform was to get rid of the "Archaic Obshchina" agricultural system, replacing it with a more capitalist-oriented, advanced form of agriculture, with special emphasis on modern and strengthened farm places and private land ownership.
After successful implementation of the Stolypin Reform, it displayed the following features: