FDI companies contributed 36% of the total imports in 2009, while the rest 64% was made up by the local companies. The total export results of the same year read 47% earnings by FDI companies (excluding crude oil) and 53% by local companies.
Vietnam's main exports include:
textiles and garment
processed forest products
Although agricultural produce crowds the export item list, this will soon transform as Vietnam increases its industrial base. The 2009 report states 11% earnings on crude oil, 7% on aquatic products, 7% footwear, 5% electronic equipment, 5% jewelry, 5% rice, 4% wooden products, 4% machinery, 3% coffee, 2% anthracite and 2% rubber.
Vietnam’s key import commodities include:
machinery and equipment
The year 2009 saw Vietnam import rubber worth USD 90 million, US$400 million plastics, US$440 million machineries, USD 390 million electronic goods and USD 350 million steel, among others.
Currently, Vietnam's major trading partners include Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea and the European Union. Its trade with the Asian economies constitutes approximately 80 percent of its total trade. Before 1990, Vietnam's chief trading partners included socialist countries, especially the Soviet Union.
Major markets of Vietnam in the export business 2007 were: