Tonga Economy

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Tonga is a lower Middle Income Country comes under the East Asia and Pacific Region, according to the Classification made by the World Bank on the basis of region and income for the year 2006.

The country has total surface area of 750.0 square kilometers as in 2004 with a total forest area of 40.0 square kilometers.

Tonga Economy Social Indicators

As in the year 2004, the country had a total population of 102.0 thousands with an annual percentage growth rate of 0.4. The following table shows the important demographic and social indicators:

Social Indicators 2000 2003 2004
Population, total 100.2 thousand 101.6 thousand 102.0 thousand
Population growth (annual %) 0.6 0.4 0.4
Life expectancy at birth, total (years) 71.7 72.3 72.5
Fertility rate, total (births per woman) 3.7 3.5 3.4
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births) 22.1 .. 20.4

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Population Growth (Annual %)

Economic Indicators Of Tonga Economy

Agriculture is a major type of business in the country. It contributes a lot to Tonga Economy. Important demographic and social indicators of the country are as follows:

Econmic Indicator 2000 2003 2004
GNI, Atlas method (current US$) 163.8 million 153.8 million 189.7 million
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 1,630.0 1,510.0 1,860.0
GDP (current US$) 153.5 million 168.5 million 212.5 million
GDP growth (annual %) 5.2 2.9 4.3
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) -0.4 9.9 11.3