Main economic feature of the presidential regime of Ronald Reagan was deficit spending on a huge scale on armed forces.
Economic policies of Ronald Reagan were based on two promises that he had made in his presidential campaigns. Those were reduction in taxes as well as size of the government. Reagan tried to counter the effects of inflation by reducing rates of income taxes with amount of deduction being directly proportional to income level.
One of the major steps taken by him during his second term as president was the Tax Reform Act of 1986. With the introduction of this legislature Reagan tried to widen base of taxation and also do away with any form of partiality in entire process. This Act was designed to be revenue neutral. It brought down the top marginal rate. It had cleaned up, to a certain extent, and also had done away with loopholes, exceptions and preferences in the system. This effectively meant that taxes were imposed on areas that had been provided with special favors by the previous tax code.
Economic policies adopted by Ronald Reagan in his second term as president of the United States of America had a mixed impact on economy of the country. Among the major highlights of second presidential reign of Ronald Reagan was decline in rate of unemployment in the country. During the first presidential reign of Ronald Reagan, rate of unemployment had gone up to 10.6% in 1982. However, by 1988 the rate had come down to 5.5%.
One of the beneficial aftereffects of presidential reign of Ronald Reagan was decline in inflation level. When Reagan had been sworn in as president, rate of inflation was 14%. Reagan was able to bring down the level of inflation with his policies. Reagan also played a major role in accentuating economic growth of the United States of America. He accomplished that by reducing tax rates as well as simplifying the system.
A greater sense of optimism prevails in Indonesia about the economy in 2015 than a year ago, even though the reality is now more challenging. Growth is slowing, business costs are on the rise, and key economic vulnerabilities persist. In simple terms, the new government of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has been dealt a difficult hand of cards. At the same time, a revival of investor confidence is in prospect if the government can pursue a constructive reform path and there are positive signals in this regard.
Mario I. Blejer is a former governor of the Central Bank of Argentina and former Director of the Center for Central Banking Studies at the Bank of England. Eduardo Levy Yeyati is Professor of Economics at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella and Senior Fellow at The Brookings Institution.
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James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.