Antarctica Economic Statistics and Indicators

01, Aug 2021, EDT. Welcome to the Antarctica economic statistics pages provided by the beta version of's Econ Stats database.

Economic Indicators For: Antarctica › Change country
National or Regional Currency: Norwegian Krone, NOK
Year of data: 2015 › Change year
Number of Indicators Listed:
Full Dataset: From Year 1980 to 2019
Date of Last Update: 17th March 2015
Population: no indigenous inhabitants, but there are both permanent and summer-only staffed research stations ; note: 29 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, operate through their National Antarctic Program a number of seasonal-only (summer) and year-round research stations on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty); the population engaging in and supporting science or managing and protecting the Antarctic region varies from approximately 4,400 in summer to 1,100 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel, including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research, are present in the waters of the treaty region; peak summer (December-February) population - 4,490 total; Argentina 667, Australia 200, Australia and Romania jointly 13, Belgium 20, Brazil 40, Bulgaria 18, Chile 359, China 90, Czech Republic 20, Ecuador 26, Finland 20, France 125, France and Italy jointly 60, Germany 90, India 65, Italy 102, Japan 125, South Korea 70, NZ 85, Norway 44, Peru 28, Poland 40, Russia 429, South Africa 80, Spain 50, Sweden 20, Ukraine 24, UK 217, US 1,293, Uruguay 70 (2008-2009); winter (June-August) station population - 1,106 total; Argentina 176, Australia 62, Brazil 12, Chile 114, China 29, France 26, France and Italy jointly 13, Germany 9, India 25, Japan 40, South Korea 18, NZ 10, Norway 7, Poland 12, Russia 148, South Africa 10, Ukraine 12, UK 37, US 337, Uruguay 9 (2009); research stations operated within the Antarctic Treaty area (south of 60 degrees south latitude) by National Antarctic Programs; year-round stations - 40 total; Argentina 6, Australia 3, Brazil 1, Chile 6, China 2, France 1, France and Italy jointly 1, Germany 1, India 1, Japan 1, South Korea 1, NZ 1, Norway 1, Poland 1, Russia 5, South Africa 1, Ukraine 1, UK 2, US 3, Uruguay 1 (2009); a range of seasonal-only (summer) stations, camps, and refuges - Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, Chile, China, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania (with Australia), Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, US, and Uruguay (2008-2009); in addition, during the austral summer some nations have numerous occupied locations such as tent camps, summer-long temporary facilities, and mobile traverses in support of research (May 2009 est.)
Area: total: 14 million sq km ; land: 14 million sq km (280,000 sq km ice-free, 13.72 million sq km ice-covered) (est.) ; note: fifth-largest continent, following Asia, Africa, North America, and South America, but larger than Australia and the subcontinent of Europe
Natural Resources: iron ore, chromium, copper, gold, nickel, platinum and other minerals, and coal and hydrocarbons have been found in small noncommercial quantities; none presently exploited; krill, finfish, and crab have been taken by commercial fisheries

Scientific undertakings rather than commercial pursuits are the predominate human activity in Antarctica. Fishing off the coast and tourism, both based abroad, account for Antarctica's limited economic activity. Antarctic fisheries, targeting three main species - Patagonian and Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides and D. mawsoni), mackerel icefish (Champsocephalus gunnari), and krill (Euphausia superba) - reported landing 141,147 metric tons in 2008-09 (1 July - 30 June). (Estimated fishing is from the area covered by the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), which extends slightly beyond the Antarctic Treaty area.) Unregulated fishing, particularly of Patagonian toothfish (also known as Chilean sea bass), is a serious problem. The CCAMLR determines the recommended catch limits for marine species. A total of 37,858 tourists visited the Antarctic Treaty area in the 2008-09 Antarctic summer, down from the 46,265 visitors in 2007-08 (estimates provided to the Antarctic Treaty by the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO); this does not include passengers on overflights). Nearly all of them were passengers on commercial (nongovernmental) ships and several yachts that make trips during the summer.

Economic Indicators for Antarctica 2015

Not Available
* Source: IMF
Aggregate Indicators for Antarctica
  Geography (Location, geographic coordinates, map references, area, terrain, elevation extremes, borders, coastline and maritime claims) for Antarctica
  Climate and Environment (climate, environmental issues, environmental agreements, natural hazards) for Antarctica
  Natural Resources, Agricultural Products, Land Use and Water Use for Antarctica
  Nationality, Ethnic Groups, Languages and Religions for Antarctica
  Telephone Statistics: Number of Fixed Lines, Mobile Phone Penetration Rate for Antarctica
  Age Structure, Median Age, Gender and Urbanization for Antarctica
  Population Growth Rate, Birth Rate, Death Rate, Net Migration Rate for Antarctica
  Life Expectancy Rate, Infant Mortality Rate and Total Fertility Rate for Antarctica
  HIV, AIDS and Other Major Infectious Disease Rates for Antarctica
  Literacy Rate, Educational Expenditure and School Life Expectancy for Antarctica
  Gross Domestic Product (PPP, Official Exchange Rate, Real Growth Rate and Per Capita) for Antarctica
  Industries and Industrial Growth Production Rate for Antarctica
  Labor Force by Occupation for Antarctica
  Poverty Line, Gini Index, Household Income and Consumption for Antarctica
  National Budget and Public Debt for Antarctica
  Bank Rates (Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate, Central Bank Discount Rate) for Antarctica
  Stock of Money, Stock of Quasi Money, Stock of Domestic Credit for Antarctica
  Stock Market Capitalization: Market Value of Publicly Traded Shares for Antarctica
  Trade Statistics, Export Statistics, Export Partners and Products, Import Statistics, Import Partners and Products for Antarctica
  Foreign Exchange Reserves and Gold Reserves for Antarctica
  FDI Statistics (Foreign Direct Investment at Home/ Inbound FDI, Foreign Direct Investment Abroad/ Outbound FDI) for Antarctica
  Exchange Rate Statistics for Antarctica
  Electricity Production, Electricity Consumption, Electricity Exports and Electricity Imports for Antarctica
  Oil Production, Proven Oil Reserves, Oil Consumption, Oil Exports and Oil Imports for Antarctica
  Natural Gas Production, Proven Natural Gas Reserves, Natural Gas Consumption, Natural Gas Exports and Natural Gas Imports for Antarctica
  Television and Radio Statistics (TV Stats, Radio Stats) for Antarctica
  Internet Statistics (Internet Users, Internet Hosts, Country TLD) for Antarctica
  Airport Statistics (Paved Runway Airports, Unpaved Runway Airports, Heliports) for Antarctica
  Transport Statistics (Railways, Roadways, Waterways, Ports and Terminals, Airports, Merchant Marine) for Antarctica
  Military Statistics (Military Expenditure, Military Branches, Service Age and Obligation, Manpower Available and Fit for Military Service) for Antarctica
  Disputes, Refugees, Human Trafficking and Illicit Drug Production for Antarctica
* Source: CIA
Internet Indicators for Antarctica
  Number of Internet Users for Antarctica
  Internet Penetration Rate for Antarctica
  Number of Facebook Accounts for Antarctica
  Facebook Penetration Rate for Antarctica
* Source: IWS