Rwanda Economic Statistics and Indicators
22, Feb 2017, EST. Welcome to the Rwanda economic statistics pages provided by the beta version of EconomyWatch.com's Econ Stats database.
Economic Indicators For: Rwanda › Change country
National or Regional Currency: Rwanda Franc, RWF
Year of data: 2015 › Change year
Number of Indicators Listed: 33
Full Dataset: From Year 1980 to 2021
Date of Last Update: 30th June 2016
Population: 12,337,138 ; note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Area: total: 26,338 sq km ; land: 24,668 sq km ; water: 1,670 sq km
Natural Resources: gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Capital: name: Kigali ; geographic coordinates: 1 57 S, 30 03 E ; time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture and some mineral and agro-processing. Tourism, minerals, coffee and tea are Rwanda's main sources of foreign exchange. The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and temporarily stalled the country's ability to attract private and external investment. However, Rwanda has made substantial progress in stabilizing and rehabilitating its economy to pre-1994 levels. GDP has rebounded with an average annual growth of 7%-8% since 2003 and inflation has been reduced to single digits. Nonetheless, a significant percent of the population still live below the official poverty line. Despite Rwanda's fertile ecosystem, food production often does not keep pace with demand, requiring food imports. Rwanda continues to receive substantial aid money and obtained IMF-World Bank Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative debt relief in 2005-06. In recognition of Rwanda's successful management of its macro economy, in 2010, the IMF graduated Rwanda to a Policy Support Instrument (PSI). Rwanda also received a Millennium Challenge Threshold Program in 2008. Africa's most densely populated country is trying to overcome the limitations of its small, landlocked economy by leveraging regional trade. Rwanda joined the East African Community and is aligning its budget, trade, and immigration policies with its regional partners. The government has embraced an expansionary fiscal policy to reduce poverty by improving education, infrastructure, and foreign and domestic investment and pursuing market-oriented reforms. Energy shortages, instability in neighboring states, and lack of adequate transportation linkages to other countries continue to handicap private sector growth. The Rwandan Government is seeking to become regional leader in information and communication technologies. In 2010, Rwanda neared completion of the first modern Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Kigali. The SEZ seeks to attract investment in all sectors, but specifically in agribusiness, information and communications technologies, trade and logistics, mining, and construction. The global downturn hurt export demand and tourism, but economic growth has recovered, driven in large part by the services sector, but inflation has grown. On the back of this growth, government is gradually ending its fiscal stimulus policy while protecting aid to the poor.
More on the Rwanda Economy
More on the Rwanda Export, Import and Trade
GDP (Constant Prices, National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 5,011.42 Billion.
GDP (Current Prices, National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 5,949.01 Billion.
GDP (Current Prices, US Dollars) for Rwanda in year 2015 is US$ 8.267 Billion.
GDP Deflator for Rwanda in year 2015 is 118.709 (Index, Base Year as per country's accounts = 100).
GDP Per Capita (Constant Prices, National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 443,433.37 .
GDP Per Capita (Current Prices, National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 526,395.43 .
GDP Per Capita (Current Prices, US Dollars) for Rwanda in year 2015 is US$ 731.512 .
GDP (PPP), US Dollars for Rwanda in year 2015 is US$ 20.422 Billion.
GDP Per Capita (PPP), US Dollars for Rwanda in year 2015 is US$ 1,807.01 .
Implied PPP Conversion Rate for Rwanda in year 2015 is 291.308 .
Investment (% of GDP) for Rwanda in year 2015 is 25.018 %.
Inflation, Average Consumer Prices (Indexed to Year 2000) for Rwanda in year 2015 is 103.127 (Index, Base Year 2000 = 100).
Inflation, End of Year (Indexed to Year 2000) for Rwanda in year 2015 is 105.287 (Index, Base Year 2000 = 100).
Population for Rwanda in year 2015 is 11.301 Million .
General government revenue (National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 1,449.33 Billions.
General government total expenditure (National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 1,617.76 Billions.
Total Government Net Lending/ Borrowing (National Currency) for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF -168.434 Billions.
Fiscal Year Gross Domestic Product, Current Prices for Rwanda in year 2015 is RWF 5,949.01 Billions.
Current Account Balance (US Dollars) for Rwanda in year 2015 is US$ -1.139 Billion.
Current Account Balance (% GDP) for Rwanda in year 2015 is -13.774 %.
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Data Sources: IMF, World Bank, UN, OECD, CIA World Factbook, Internet World Statistics, The Heritage Foundation and Transparency International