Petroleum exploration and refinery are the biggest players in Sudan’s industry sector. While Sudan has been an oil producer for decades, the nation began exporting oil only after 1999. Sudan had oil reserves of over 6.8 billion barrels in 2010, accounting for 0.49% of total world oil reserves, according to CIA World Fact Book. Presently, oil accounts for over three-quarters of Sudan’s total exports, with Japan, South Korea, China, Indonesia and India being Sudan’s key oil importers.
Other key players of Sudan industry sectors are:
One of the oldest industries in Sudan, the government is actively involved in boosting the Sudanese textile industry by setting up spinning and weaving mills to increase the industry produce. The Sudanese government had also created a motto for the industry, "Let's wear what we produce ourselves", to bridge the gap between production and consumption.
Sugar production is a key industry in Sudan, considering the nation is Africa’s third biggest producer of sugar. To support this industry and facilitate sugar cultivation, the Sudanese government has funded several plans for enlarging sugar fields near the Nile River. The Kenana Sugar Company is a joint venture of the Sudanese government with private investors. The success of this venture encouraged the government to open the state-owned Sudanese Sugar Company to private investment in early 2000.