The following graph depicts GDP by sector as of 2009:
The economic structure of Malaysia can be divided into the following sectors:
Primary Sector: Malaysia’s economic development is largely due to its wealth of natural resources in agriculture and forestry. Some major produces in the country include:
Peninsular Malaysia: Cocoa, Rice, Rubber, Palm and Oil
Sabah: Coconuts, Rice, Rubber, Subsistence Crops and Timber
Sarawak: Rubber, Pepper and Timber
Palm oil and rubber are the major foreign exchange earners in the primary sector. In the 1960s, the country’s forest reserves depleted at a high rate. Active steps have been taken to plant high-value trees and various timber species.
Secondary Sector: Malaysia’s diversified manufacturing sector is the backbone of its economy. The growth of the manufacturing sector is visible in its 30% contribution to the GDP in 1999 as compared to 13.9% in 1970. Malaysia has abundant natural resources including minerals, liquefied natural gas (LNG), petroleum and tin. The oil production stood at 727,200 bbl/day in 2008. Electronic components contribute a significant share in Malaysia’s manufactures and exports. It is the largest exporter of semiconductor devices and electrical goods and appliances in the world.