The economic structure of Bangladesh can be divided into the following three sectors:
Primary Sector: With 45% of the workforce engaged in the primary sector (est. 2008), Bangladesh can be called an agrarian economy. Agriculture contributes 30% of the country's GDP and enables Bangladesh to achieve its macroeconomic objectives, including food security, poverty alleviation, human resources development and employment generation. Cooperatives are increasingly motivating farmers to employ modern machinery. Bangladesh primarily produces jute, rice, tobacco, tea, sugarcane, pulses and wheat. According to the composition of sub sectors, the crop sector contributes 72% of the production, followed by Fisheries at 10.33%, livestock at 10.11% and forestry at 7.33%. The unpredictable weather and natural calamities disrupt the country’s economy frequently. To overcome this problem, the government has constructed several irrigation projects to conserve rainwater and control floods. The projects also include controlling pests and using high quality seeds.