The ratification and signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement was the highlight of the economic policies implemented in the first term of Bill Clinton’s presidency. The second most important step was expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit.
First Phase of Clinton's Presidency Clinton’s fist term in the office of President came at a time when the American economy was enjoying an upswing of sorts towards the end of the George H. Bush era. Clinton successfully transformed it into a veritable economic boom for the US near the end of his first term. This boom would continue till about the very end of his second term in 2001.
Clinton's Budget Policy An overwhelming budget surplus, ranging to the scale of the $10,000 bn was the biggest legacy of the Clinton era. However, the mode of utilization of that surplus also became a potent bone of contention among the Democrats and the Republicans. The question was how that surplus was to be utilized, for tax cuts or reduction of national debts.
Basis of Clinton's Economic Policy Clinton’s economic policy was based on a decision to reduce debts rather than cut taxes to bolster USA’s economic growth. By following this policy faithfully even in the face of strong Congressional opposition at times, Clinton succeeded in putting the economic condition of US in its best shape for decades towards the end of his first term in 1996.
Clinton's Role in North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was conceptualized by George H. Bush along with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari. It was visualized as a tripartite free trade treaty, with an objective to form a North American trade bloc.
Clinton made the legislation of the bill one of his priorities right from the time he took office. It was not, however, without opposition from within the Democratic fold as well as from Republican protectionists. There were large scale protests and oppositions in Canada and Mexico as well. However, Clinton successfully negotiated the bill through the Congress at 234 against 200. It was turned into legislation and signed by President Clinton on January 1, 1994.
Clinton's Role in NAAEC (North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation) and NAALC (North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation) Clinton successfully brought about the inclusion of NAAEC (North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation) and NAALC (North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation) within the terms of NAFTA. The former endeavored to introduce clear sets of environmental regulations. NAALC was an agreement that laid down a common foundation of ways to deal with labor related problems in all three countries. It also endeavored to enhance cooperation among labor unions of all three countries.
Impact of NAFTA The impact of NAFTA is ambiguous. Some have thought it to be much oriented towards the industrial elite at the behest of common labors and agriculturists. Others have contended that it was solely responsible for amelioration of poverty to a great extent in Mexico after dire economic crisis, by increasing real income scales.
Expansion of Earned Income Tax Credit Bill Clinton’s second important legislation during his tenure as the president was the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit. With this legislation, Clinton extended the scope of what is considered to be the greatest anti-poverty tool in the US.
[quote] The day is not far off when the economic problem will take the back seat where it belongs, and the arena of the heart and the head will be occupied or reoccupied, by our real problems – the problems of life and of human relations, of creation and behaviour and religion. [/quote]
Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. IMF’s Chief Economist from September 2003 to January 2007. Inaugural recipient of the Fischer Black Prize.
Andrea Edwards has worked in marketing and communications all over the globe for 20 years, and is now focused on her passion – writing. A gifted communicator, strategist, writer and avid blogger, Andrea is Managing Director of SAJE, a digital communications agency, and The Writers Shop – a regional collaboration between the best business writers in Asia Pacific
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.