Inflation Tax is the metaphorical representation of economic disadvantage which the bearers of cash or its equivalent undergo in a single currency denomination. In case of Inflation Tax, such disadvantages appear owing to the impact of inflation, which function as a hidden tax and subtract value from those assets.
Nature of Inflation Tax:
An Inflation Tax does not always involve debt elimination. Simply by eliminating cash or currency, the government of a country hastens liquidity, which may initiate pressures arising out of inflation. Under the influence of inflationary pressures, the taxes applicable on consumer income and expense extracts the additional cash from the country's inhabitants.
Effects exerted by Inflation Tax:
Sometimes, Inflation tax affects the economy of a country negatively, when it puts into distress, the middle-class population of a country, having low income. The government of a country raises the monetary amount available with its economy, by printing bills and paper notes. This, in turn, generates and increases revenues, initiating a change in the real money balance. All these activities brings about inflation in the economy of a country. The effects of raising the supply of money make the money-holders to pay the Inflation Tax, as the most evident cost of inflation.
One more impact exerted by Inflation tax is that the inflation-indexed bonds are also associated with the risk arising out of inflation This is because inflation compensation is subject to payment of tax.
Tax on the Inflation Tax:
A common effect of Inflation Tax is that it levies tax on both investment “income” and interest, against the nominal gains or the nominal interest rate. This meas that if a person purchases a bond with a interest rate of 6% and inflation rate worth 4%, he/she will receive the “Real” interest at the rate of 2%. Whatever be the case, this “Tax on the Inflation Tax” is equivalent to a tax on holdings (wealth tax). This tax is equivalent to the nominal tax rate .
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Nouriel Roubini, a.k.a. “Doctor Doom”, is chairman of Roubini Global Economics and professor of economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business. Roubini has been consistently cited as one of the world’s top global thinkers. This year, he was voted as the most influential economist in the world by Forbes magazine.
CEO and co-CIO of PIMCO. Served as President and CEO of the Harvard Management Company for 2 years, while also working at the IMF for 15 years. In 2008, his book "When Markets Collide", won the Financial Times award for Business Book of The Year in addition to being named as the one of the best business books of all time by The Independent.
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.