Global Inflation refers to the inflationary trends generally noticed in the diverse sectors of the economy of a country. As an important worldwide phenomena, Global Inflation varies largely, owing to the trend components of inflation as well as due the fluctuations arising in the frequencies of the commercial cycles.
Explanation of the concept of Global Inflation:
World Inflation may be defined as the as the function of some of the most essential real developments having shorter purview, as well as monetary developments of longer purview, both on a global basis. This definition is important in the sense that it helps in direct analysis of the concept, which admits that around 70% of the discrepancies involved with Global Inflation are based on both monetary and real developments.
Inflations on the national levels are all attracted by Global Inflation, whereby the national digressions from the common fact revert back. However, the evidence of such activity is similar and booming as far as different sample periods and nations are concerned. Moreover, the impact of Global Inflation has proved to be different in different countries across the world. Thus, a country like Germany which is dedicated towards stabilization of prices is least affected than nations like Italy, having feeble inflation discipline.
Last but not the least, the concept of Global Inflation has also made it possible to re-consider the rising debate on the persistence of inflation.
Contemporary notion about the growing nature of Global Inflation:
The rise in the rate of inflation in recent times has forced a number of countries like China and South Africa to take necessary steps to restrict the growing pace of inflation. To the effect, the Chinese government has raised its rate of interest. The South African Reserve Bank and the overall banking sector across the globe is also working for curbing the growth rate of inflation. This, in fact, has become immensely beneficial activity for the existing conditions of the world economy at present and in days to come.
The global crisis changed the face of monetary policy. Central banks deployed new tools to counter the effects of the crisis, which have reduced the risk of deflation, stabilised the financial system and calmed financial markets; but potential negative side effects remain.
Two weeks ago, the IMF organized a major research conference, in honour of Stanley Fischer, on lessons from the crisis. Here is my take. I shall focus on what I see as the lessons for monetary policy, but before I do this, let me mention two other important conclusions.
Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom from 1992 to 2007. Prime Minister of the UK between 2007 and 2010. Inaugural 'Distinguished Leader in Residence' at New York University. Advisor at World Economic Forum
Andrea Edwards has worked in marketing and communications all over the globe for 20 years, and is now focused on her passion – writing. A gifted communicator, strategist, writer and avid blogger, Andrea is Managing Director of SAJE, a digital communications agency, and The Writers Shop – a regional collaboration between the best business writers in Asia Pacific
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.