Global Inflation refers to the inflationary trends generally noticed in the diverse sectors of the economy of a country. As an important worldwide phenomena, Global Inflation varies largely, owing to the trend components of inflation as well as due the fluctuations arising in the frequencies of the commercial cycles.
Explanation of the concept of Global Inflation:
World Inflation may be defined as the as the function of some of the most essential real developments having shorter purview, as well as monetary developments of longer purview, both on a global basis. This definition is important in the sense that it helps in direct analysis of the concept, which admits that around 70% of the discrepancies involved with Global Inflation are based on both monetary and real developments.
Inflations on the national levels are all attracted by Global Inflation, whereby the national digressions from the common fact revert back. However, the evidence of such activity is similar and booming as far as different sample periods and nations are concerned. Moreover, the impact of Global Inflation has proved to be different in different countries across the world. Thus, a country like Germany which is dedicated towards stabilization of prices is least affected than nations like Italy, having feeble inflation discipline.
Last but not the least, the concept of Global Inflation has also made it possible to re-consider the rising debate on the persistence of inflation.
Contemporary notion about the growing nature of Global Inflation:
The rise in the rate of inflation in recent times has forced a number of countries like China and South Africa to take necessary steps to restrict the growing pace of inflation. To the effect, the Chinese government has raised its rate of interest. The South African Reserve Bank and the overall banking sector across the globe is also working for curbing the growth rate of inflation. This, in fact, has become immensely beneficial activity for the existing conditions of the world economy at present and in days to come.
The US Federal Reserve this week has moved one step closer to lifting interest rates by ending its controversial bond-buying program. This begins a long-anticipated process that will take many months to complete: the metamorphosis of a dove into a hawk.
This leaves us with the question of a date for an actual rate hike – a moment economists expect surveyed by CNBC expect will be in July 2015, a month later than previously forecast.
Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. IMF’s Chief Economist from September 2003 to January 2007. Inaugural recipient of the Fischer Black Prize.
Mario I. Blejer is a former governor of the Central Bank of Argentina and former Director of the Center for Central Banking Studies at the Bank of England. Eduardo Levy Yeyati is Professor of Economics at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella and Senior Fellow at The Brookings Institution.
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.