As per data released by “Singapore Department of Statistics”, Singapore's FDI stock has more than tripled in the time period from 1995 to 2005. Europe, North America and Asia were the major FDI contributors to Singapore. These regions contributed to 82% of the Singaporean FDI stock in 2005.
Europe gradually gained in importance as Singapore's leading foreign investor in the 1995 to 2005 time period. Europe's share of investment in this period rose from 31% to 43%. Absolute amount of foreign investments from Asia and North America in Singapore increased during the same reference period. However, their shares recorded a decline. Asia recorded a decline in its share from 33% to 24%. For North America the decline was from 21% to 15%.
In the reference period, United Kingdom, Switzerland and Netherlands were some of the major foreign investors from Europe to invest in Singapore. Taken together, these three nations accounted for over 77% of European FDI stock flow into Singapore.
United Kingdom's share of FDI inflow to Singapore rose from 34% in 1995 to 37% in the year 2005. The comparable figures for Netherlands were 16% and 24% respectively in the same reference period. Switzerland's FDI inflow figures to Singapore declined from 25% in the year 1995 to 16% in the year 2005.
Two other European nations engaged in FDI activity in Singapore were Norway and Germany. Norway's share of foreign investment in Singapore rose from 0.7% in 1995 to 5.9% in the year 2005. The comparable figures for Germany were 6.7% and 5.6% respectively. Germany's investment interests in Singapore suffered a decline from 1995 to 2005.
Asia's FDI flow for Singapore increased more than twice from 1995 to 2005. In 2005 Japan was the largest Asian foreign investor in Singapore. Japan's share of total Asian FDI stock for Singapore for the period 1995 to 2005 ranged from 56% to 60%.
Malaysia and Taiwan held the second and third positions with respect to size of FDI stock investment from Asian countries in Singapore in 2005. Taiwan's share of FDI from Asia to Singapore rose from 3.1% to 9.7% in the period from 1995 to 2005. In the same reference period Malaysia's share fell from 13% to 9.7%.
In 1995, Hong Kong held the distinction of being the second largest foreign direct investor from Asia in Singapore.
Foreign direct investment in Singapore from North America in 2005 was more than double the comparable figure for 1995.
Most of the FDI flows into Singapore from 1995 to 2005 went to some major sectors of the economy. They are stated below:
Financial services and Insurance services sector
Hotels and restaurants
Whole sale trade and retail trade sectorThese above mentioned sectors of the Singaporean economy accounted for nearly 90% of Singapore's FDI stock for the year 2005.
As per 2007 data, foreign investments measured in '$m' in Singapore's manufacturing sector amounted to 14,279.2. Investment measured in $ billion for the Singaporean economy as a whole stood at 23.1 for the year 2007.
The number of investment projects in Singapore funded by FDI flow in 2007 was 239. The number of jobs generated out of it was 35,441.
A recent report from Greenpeace found that China's coal consumption declined in the first half of this year and new Chinese government data suggests that the country's coal imports have dropped. Estimates indicate that by the end of the year, China's coal imports could be 8 percent below 2013 levels.
China imported 18.86 million tonnes of coal in August, the lowest level since September 2012.
Eric J. Gleacher Distinguished Service Professor of Finance at the Booth School of Business at the University of Chicago. IMF’s Chief Economist from September 2003 to January 2007. Inaugural recipient of the Fischer Black Prize.
Andrea Edwards has worked in marketing and communications all over the globe for 20 years, and is now focused on her passion – writing. A gifted communicator, strategist, writer and avid blogger, Andrea is Managing Director of SAJE, a digital communications agency, and The Writers Shop – a regional collaboration between the best business writers in Asia Pacific
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.