India has emerged as a super power. The transition was not easy. Guidelines for operating the economy was provided by the five year plans.
The 1st five year plan was presented by Jawaharlal Nehru, who was the Prime Minister during that period. It was formulated for the execution of various plans between 1951 to 1956. The Planning Commission was responsible for working out the plan.
Objectives of the 1st five year plan(1951 to 1961):
The primary aim of the 1st five year plan was to improve living standards of the people of India. This could be done by making judicious use of India's natural resources. The total outlay of the 1st five year plan was worth Rs.2,069 crore. This amount was assigned to different sectors which included:
Development of agriculture and community
Miscellaneous issuesThe target set for the growth in the gross domestic product was 2.1percent every year. In reality, the actual achieved with regard to gross domestic product was 3.6 percent per annum. This is a clear indication of the success of the 1st five year plan.
Some important events that took place during the tenure of the 1st five year plan:
The following Irrigation projects were started during that period:
The government had taken steps to rehabilitate the landless workers, whose main occupation was agriculture. These workers were also granted fund for experimenting and undergoing training in agricultural know how in various cooperative institutions. Soil conservation, was also given considerable importance.
The Indian government also made considerable effort in improving posts and telegraphs, railway services, road tracks, civil aviation.
Sufficient fund was also allocated for the industrial sector. In addition measures were taken for the growth of the small scale industries.
The US dollar is consolidating, largely within yesterday's ranges. Month-end and quarter-end hedge and portfolio adjustments are notoriously difficult to predict. There is also large option expires today. Given the EU Summit this weekend, a holiday in the US on Monday, and no fewer than five central bank meetings among the high-income countries next week, the broad consolidative, even in choppy, tone is likely to carry into the weekend.
Professor of Economics & Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University. Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Millennium Development Goals. Founder & co-President of the Millennium Promise Alliance.
CEO and co-CIO of PIMCO. Served as President and CEO of the Harvard Management Company for 2 years, while also working at the IMF for 15 years. In 2008, his book "When Markets Collide", won the Financial Times award for Business Book of The Year in addition to being named as the one of the best business books of all time by The Independent.