The effects of Globalization are manifold, affecting various aspects of the world economy to bring about overall financial betterment.
The effects of Globalization exert intense influence on the financial condition as well as the industrial sector of a particular nation. Globalization gives birth to markets based on industrial productions across the world. This in turn, widens the access to a diverse variety of foreign commodities for consumption of the customers, owing to the marketing strategies undertaken by different corporations.
In the world economic arena, Globalization facilitates the formation of a common worldwide market, on the basis of the liberal exchange of both cash and kinds.
As far as Political Globalization is concerned, it helps in the formation of a world government to normalize the existing interactions among countries. It also ensures the rights emerging out of Economic and Social Globalizations.
Promotion of liberal trading activities is perhaps the greatest contribution of Globalization, acting as a boon to the world economy. Following are the advantages enjoyed by countries engaged in mutual free trades:
Considerable reduction in the cost of transportation, especially with the development of containerization with respect to overseas ocean shipments
Decrease or abolition of control over capital and the capital market
Formation of free zones for carrying out commercial activities, against payment of little or no tariffs at all
Decrease, abolition or synchronization of subsidies in domestic trades
Decrease or abolition of every kind of tariffsHowever, the concept of free trade emerging from Globalization suffers from limitations as well:
Restrictions imposed on the supernatural identification of intellectual properties. This means that the patents granted by a particular nation will by recognized in another country.
Synchronization of intellectual asset laws across most states are subject to additional restrictions.
Amid a recovering world economy beset by risks, the outlook for Asia–Latin America economic ties seems bright. Asia needs commodities for its dynamic global factory and Latin America has abundant natural resources. Asia needs food for its large population and Latin America has fertile agricultural land.
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.