Philippines economic development has been very fast in recent years. However, in last three decades, growth rate has been fastest. Real gross domestic product for this time was estimated to be 7 percent, but growth has slowed down a bit in 2008, which came to about 4.5% because of world financial crisis.
Economic development in Philippines economy has been because of high government spending. A hard working service sector and large allowance from millions of Filipinos working abroad played an important role in Philippines economic development. Since, Macapagal-Arroyo came into power in 2001 there has been an economic growth of 5 percent. Still, Philippines needs a further increase in growth rate in order to sustain growth in economy.
More economic development of Philippines is required to alleviate poverty from that country and address imbalances in distribution of income. It also stresses on high population growth. Macapagal-Arroyo also has taken great care introduce new revenue measures to constrict expenditures of country. New developments in economy of Philippines can be expected because of positive efforts in lowering fiscal deficits, narrowing debt and debt service ratios. There has been an increase in expenditure in infrastructure of country. Economic prospects of Philippines have grown, which in turn would augur well for economic development at Philippines.
Though there has not been any negative impact on macroeconomic outlook of Philippines economy, yet this nation has faced some setbacks because of various external reasons. It has also faced challenges from regional competitors. Main focus of Philippines has been to develop employment opportunities and lessen poverty. Long term Philippines economic development can only be possible if these areas are properly taken care of.
Purchasing power parity of GDP for fiscal year 2008 was $327.2 billion, while official exchange rate of GDP was $172.3 billion. Per capita GDP as was recorded in 2008 was $3,400 and 4.5% is real growth rate in gross domestic product. Agricultural sector contributes about 13.8% to GDP, 2008 of Philippines economy and 31.9% is received from industry. From service sector of Philippines economy contribution towards Philippines GDP is about 54.3%.
Philippines economic development is also result of agricultural products, which includes corn, sugarcane, pineapples, coconuts, bananas, rice, cassavas, mangoes and pork, eggs, beef and fish. Major industries that contribute to economic development of Philippines are wood products, electronics assembly, food processing, footwear, garments, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, petroleum refining and fishing.
EM currencies stabilized after the FOMC meeting last week. Yet the Fed clearly signaled that it remains on track to start hiking rates around mid-2015. While Yellen’s guidance was taken as dovish (tightening won’t be at a predictable, “measured” pace), we still feel the looming Fed tightening cycle remains negative for EM. Furthermore, commodity prices remain soft. This and the upcoming turn in the US interest rate cycle should maintain downward pressure on EM currencies through H1 2015.
Nouriel Roubini, a.k.a. “Doctor Doom”, is chairman of Roubini Global Economics and professor of economics at New York University’s Stern School of Business. Roubini has been consistently cited as one of the world’s top global thinkers. This year, he was voted as the most influential economist in the world by Forbes magazine.
CEO and co-CIO of PIMCO. Served as President and CEO of the Harvard Management Company for 2 years, while also working at the IMF for 15 years. In 2008, his book "When Markets Collide", won the Financial Times award for Business Book of The Year in addition to being named as the one of the best business books of all time by The Independent.
Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development Program at the Brookings Institution. Former Turkish Minister of State for Economic Affairs. Head of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) from 2005-2009.
James W. Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in Harvard University. Director of Program in International Finance and Macroeconomics at the National Bureau of Economic Research.