About India economic analysis
India economic analysis provides various inputs on economic condition of this south-east Asian country. It can be done both at a microeconomic as well as a macroeconomic level. India economic analysis could also be described as being an explanation of various economic phenomena going on in this country.
Recent macroeconomic developments in India
In April 2008, industrial sector in India had recorded a growth of 7 percent. However, this figure is lesser than 11 percent development, which had been achieved in April 2007. Much of this critical condition could be attributed to an increase in prices of oil. Measures that have been taken by Reserve Bank of India, like upward revision of repo rate and CRR, have also contributed to decrease in industrial production.
Manufacturing and electric sector have suffered as well in recent times. Their growth rates have come down too. For manufacturing sector it was 7.5 percent and for electricity sector, rate of development stood at 1.4 percent in April 2008. This rate is significantly low when compared to statistics of April 2007, when rates of development for manufacturing and electricity were 12.4 percent and 8.7 percent respectively.
In case of manufacturing sector much of this slump could be attributed to increase in input costs like expenses of oil, raw materials, rates of interest and prices of goods and services. Mining sector has been comparatively better off as it has managed to grow at a rate of 8 percent in April 2008 compared to 2.6 percent that was achieved in April 2007.
In core infrastructural industries, there has been deceleration as well, but it is still better off compared to non infrastructural industries in India. Growth in April 2008 has been around 3.6 percent, which is less than 5.9 percent achieved in April 2007. Industries like crude oil production, electricity and petroleum refinery have been performing below expectations but coal, finished steel and cement have performed better than April 2007.
Inflation in India
In financial year 2007-08, average inflation in India was around 4.66 percent. This rate was lower than average inflation of financial year 2006-07. In 2007-08, fiscal high prices of food items were primary cause behind high rates of inflation. That high rate of inflation had to be controlled by banning a number of necessary commodities as well as various financial steps. High prices of oil were responsible for proportionately high rate of inflation in 2008-09.