Agrarian Reform can be defined as a change to improve the agrarian system of the nation, that includes agricultural activities like redistribution of agricultural land to cultivators, extending credit, irrigation and institutional development. The agrarian reforms also aim at providing marketing facilities and human resources.
Agrarian reform programs are primarily designed to facilitate agrarian reform activities like land acquisition, land distribution, land management and encouraging the growth of feasible agrarian reform communities.
Agrarian reform program, if properly implemented can improve the quality of life of rural people. Agrarian reform program primarily provides basic infrastructure with an intention to increase agricultural productivity and household income of the rural poor people, which will eventually enhance the economic condition of the nation. The programs will also strengthen the farmer-organizations and consequently empower the rural poor people by protecting their rights.
The basic elements of agrarian reform program include reform of the land tenure structure, the supporting services structure and the production structure.