Agrarian Reform Programs in various countries across the world are meant for comprehensive and consistent growth and development of the agricultural sectors, with special emphasis on increasing outputs and uplifting the overall conditions of the farmers, who are considered to be the main pillars of production.
Agrarian Reform Programs: The Global Status
Presently, almost all nations across the globe follow the guidances of the existing Agrarian Reform Programs. This is because cultivation forms one of the most important economic activities, contributing lump some percentages to the GDP growth of the nation, as well as support the economy through agricultural exports. A sustained improvement in this sector amounts to the betterment of the national economy.
Following are some of the significant Agrarian Reform Programs in the world, worth mentioning:
- Contract Agriculture Reform: The introduction of the Contract Agriculture Reform is meant for offering sufficient voice to the worldwide peasant population, for protesting against contractual farming methods, as well as the hardships and struggles they experience in order to survive. As a matter of fact, the primary motto of the Contract Agriculture Reform is to ensure a sound relationship between the producers (agrarian workers) and the processors (industrialists), which should be sufficiently fair and reasonable in nature, rather than a despotic one.
As per the data available from USDA in 1998, about 35% of the total cultivable land area in the world was under contractual cultivation. However, the main drawback of such contracts was that they culminated into the rise of a market power, similar to that of a monopolistic market. The power of controlling the market were in the hands of the buyers or packers, corporate manufacturers and handlers, who were most reluctant to offer the peasants with legitimate protections. This soon led to the development of disequilibrium and discontent between the farmers and the agro-based industries. The main reason for such imbalanced condition was that these companies attempted to suppress the revenues generated from the agriculture sector, posing threats on the economic feasibility and condition of the overall rural population.
- Agriculture Reform Programs in Vietnam: Agricultural reform programs in Vietnam emerged rapidly, with financial assistances worth US$600,000 and technical supports from the ADB. The different technical assistances facilitated the Vietnamese agricultural sector for policy and capacity building, to reform the means of agricultural productions. For this, the country derived sufficient aids from the Agriculture Sector Development Program (ASDP) of ADB.
The Vietnamese agricultural reform program has the following few objectives:
- Increasing output in the farming sector, which will encourage competition and increase profitabilities, for improving the financial status of the rural population
- Increase in agricultural productivities is brought about through improvement of the agro-research facilities. This in turn, will facilitate better and easy access to information, support the farming techniques and enhance capital flow in this sector.
- The Vietnamese government has undertaken a 10-year development plan, to increase efficiency, sustainability and competitiveness in the agricultural sector. It will also facilitate diversified productions, with active participations from the farmers, cooperatives and the country's private sectors. Moreover, the scientific agricultural research cell is given the foremost priority, for innovating and applying fresh techniques for increasing the agriculture outputs. These will not only reduce poverty and accelerate the economic development of the Vietnamese nation, but account for 23% exports, 24% GDP growth and 70% employment.