Almost all countries across the world experienced agricultural reform movement at some point of time or the other. One such country was Brazil. This Latin American nation witnessed the the largest peasant's revolt, called the Landless Workers Movement or “Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra” (MST). The extent of the movement was immense, covering 23 out of 27 Brazilian states and involving some 1.5 million landless farmers. The primary motto of the Landless Workers Movement was to fight against the unequal and unfair ways of allocating the land areas. The condition of the land ownership in Brazil prior to the Movement was in a sorry state, with 1.6% of the landlords possessing about half (46.8%) of the total arable lands in Brazil. Only 3% of the rural peasant population in the country had control over two-thirds of the total Brazilian cultivable lands.
The Landless Workers Movement was considered to be a social ideology, guiding hundreds and thousands of the rural masses to a systematic and aligned form of popular revolt, to protest against the unfair distribution of the cultivable lands and break away from the shackles of the oppressive treatments of landlords. It also sought to implement reform programs for the overall improvement of the land conditions, their productivity as well as the position of the farmers.
The Landless Workers Movement believed that the poor peasant classes could never fight for their rights unless they were educated enough to be acquainted with their actual requirements. To that effect, the Movement took initiatives for opening schools for more than 50,000 agrarian workers between 2002 and 2005, where they were taught to read and write from the elementary levels till graduation, and become well-aware of their social positions and rights.