April 21, 2010World Agricultureby EconomyWatch

Agrarian Reform Law Cuba

At the time of constituting agrarian reform law Cuba, Cuban government conceptualized an idea of apportioning the large landholdings into the hands of agricultural workers, that were previously in the hands of large landlords.

Agrarian Reform Law of Cuba

The agrarian reform law of Cuba was enacted to fulfill an objective of apportioning land among agricultural workers and cooperatives. Necessity of agrarian law was seriously felt in Cuba from the 1940s . A set of agrarian reform laws were laid down by the government of Cuba in the period between 1958 and 1963. Before the enactment of agrarian reform law, the major portions of agrarian land in Cuba were into the hands of large landlords. They used to manipulate most of the agricultural activities in Cuba. On the other hand, the peasants and other small agricultural workers were depending upon them to maintain their livelihood.

First Agrarian Reform Law in Cuba

On 17th May, 1959, the first agrarian reform law was laid down in Cuba.

Second Agrarian Reform Law in Cuba

In October, 1963, the Second Agrarian Reform Law was laid down in Cuba. After enactment of the second agrarian reform law in Cuba, the government nationalized the ownership of all agricultural land and brought all peasants under National Association of Small Farmers (ANAP). The principal target of implementing agrarian reform law was to demolish capitalist agrarian system from Cuba.

Evolution of Agrarian Reform Law in Cuba

After the fall of Batista regime, Fidel Castro and his revolutionary forces laid down some rules to regulate the agrarian system in Cuba. The first agrarian reform law was constituted in Cuba on 2nd June, 1959. The basic objective of the agrarian law was to apportion profits among the cultivators in Cuba. The law also helped in apportioning unused agricultural land of Cuba. As major portion of these land were owned by the U.S. shareholders, they protested against the act.

The National Institute of Agrarian Reform was founded to supervise agrarian activities in Cuba.

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