The agrarian reform law of Cuba was enacted to fulfill an objective of apportioning land among agricultural workers and cooperatives. Necessity of agrarian law was seriously felt in Cuba from the 1940s . A set of agrarian reform laws were laid down by the government of Cuba in the period between 1958 and 1963. Before the enactment of agrarian reform law, the major portions of agrarian land in Cuba were into the hands of large landlords. They used to manipulate most of the agricultural activities in Cuba. On the other hand, the peasants and other small agricultural workers were depending upon them to maintain their livelihood.
On 17th May, 1959, the first agrarian reform law was laid down in Cuba.
In October, 1963, the Second Agrarian Reform Law was laid down in Cuba. After enactment of the second agrarian reform law in Cuba, the government nationalized the ownership of all agricultural land and brought all peasants under National Association of Small Farmers (ANAP). The principal target of implementing agrarian reform law was to demolish capitalist agrarian system from Cuba.